Sapientia et Eloquentia

As part of the Ateneo de Manila High School's Sapientia et Eloquentia initiative, the Grade 12 English teachers and 15 handpicked Grade 12 students (one per section) have chosen the eight best research papers among those submitted by Grade 12 students during the Second Term of School Year 2015-2016. The eight authors are Nico Roque (12D), Red Bautista (12K), King Ceña (12O), Jon Michael Kimpo (12A), Raf Liamzon (12G), Carlos Campo (12M), Jed Golez (12B), and Miguel Dobles (12J). 

What follows are abstracts of what the papers are about. At the bottom of this page are pdf files of all eight research papers.


 Nico Roque, 12D

This research paper provides both a Chinese and a Philippine perspective on the issue of the South China Sea/ West Philippine Sea and discusses the counter measures each country is doing to gain control of the territory. Some key details included in this paper are the UNCLOS's inability to secure the West Philippine Sea as well as the impending war in the eyes of some experts.

 Red Bautista, 12K

The aim of this paper is to identify what significant and distinct developments occurred concerning American Psychiatry Association’s gradual change on the view on homosexuality. The key findings highlight that the view on homosexuality as a mental illness in the 20thcentury led to the beginning of the Gay Liberation Movement in the late 20th century, which eventually led to the declassification of homosexuality as a mental illness and gave them greater visibility and more legal protection.

 King Ceña, 12O

This paper focuses on how individuals with Down syndrome are given opportunities to learn independence despite their developmental delays due to the syndrome. Noteworthy findings in this paper include the institutions that provide ways for these patients to successfully integrate themselves win the community, the important aspects patients should take note of regarding their living arrangements, and the organizations that can help them heighten their quality of life as Down syndrome patients.

 Jon Michael Kimpo, 12A

The purpose of the research was to analyze the causes and manifestations of the pakikisama value on Filipino society, and show its negative effects on the Philippine community. It cited examples that portrayed the value in action, and also discussed the imbibing of the value, through a cultural framework. The research concluded that the value leads to a culture of conformity amongst Filipinos, and influences them to constantly waver in terms of their moral stances. The study may be useful for the promotion of the awareness of society, with regards to possibly harmful mentalities.

 Raf Liamzon, 12G

This paper aims to compare and contrast the currently and commonly implemented solutions in the Philippines against bullying with alternatives proposed by experts.  One key component for anti-bullying measures in schools worldwide would be Mental Health Literacy as it is described to be the ability of a teacher to nurture his or her students in mental health. On one hand, the more commonly implemented school system on a global scale would be Curriculum Interventions. On the other hand, among the alternative solutions proposed by experts is to train teachers and staff members in Mental Health Literacy.

 Carlos Campo, 12M

This article discusses the shift of political and economic power from individuals who owned large tracts of land to individuals who manage their own businesses or provide professional services. This power shift occurred during the post-World War 2 period up to the Martial Law Era. The objective of this article is to shed light on the power of the Filipino society on determining the composition of the elite class through social recognition and exercising of electorate power.

 Jed Golez, 12B

Together with the increasing rate of electronic device production is the pressing need to properly throw gadgets away when they are no longer functional. Unfortunately there is no guarantee that these discarded gadgets are properly treated in the waste management sector due to the fact that there is currently no specific law regarding the right way to dispose and recycle electronic waste in the country. This lack of proper mehtods of e-waste disposal can be addressed by formal recycling modules and industrial take-back procedures. These programs, however, come with a high cost, so informal recycling presently remains to be the predominant method of treating e-waste in the Philippines.

 Miguel Dobles, 12J

This paper aims to uncover and express the changes that have occurred in the gender sexual double standard over the past decade that has existed in human society ever since human society was even formed. It takes a look at sexual interaction, professional life, and crime — three key areas where the double standard has undergone significant changes. It also examines how this affects contemporary society.

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