Culture, Memory, and Nationhood (Dr. Karl Ian U. Cheng Chua:

Culture, memory and nationhood are placed in the context of historical moments, local as well as national; globalization; institutional stability and change; and individual agencies. The actors include elites as well as the common people in the political, intellectual, and artistic realms. Research topics in this cluster, aside from what is obvious in its name, range from issues of identity; migration; education; poverty; religion; social, cultural and political institutions; popular culture; mass media; historical landmarks (tangible and intangible); political philosophy; etc. Admittedly broad in scope, limitations will be defined by the researcher’s specific interest and research questions.
Examples of specific research interests are migration and multiculturalism, globalization and national identity, history textbooks and citizenship formation, culture and poverty, culture and regionalism, nationalism and territorial disputes, etc.

How its people act and what its people say in times of violent events such as wars, revolutions, and terrorism; during exposes of corrupt practices; and in the face of natural disasters paint a picture of what kind of a people they are. In addition, how these people remember these events and frame their narrations define, to a certain extent, what they are. Their actions, words, and narration of memories are manifestations of their national character. They may support or negate stereotypical identities such as “Filipinos forget easily” (usually said in connection with the Marcoses); “Japanese are disciplined and have pride” (comment given in relation to how the Japanese behaved during and after the triple disaster that struck Northeast Japan in March 2011); “Filipinos smile even during calamities.” These are just a few examples.
Using approaches and methodologies from various academic disciplines, the research has two aims: One is to analyze the effect or impact of these national characteristics on the occurrence of corruption and violence and to understand the causes of unnecessary victimization due to natural calamities; how to mitigate corruption and violence, how to avoid unnecessary loss of lives and property due to natural calamities, and how to quickly recover from calamities. The other aim is to analyze and explain how national character is formed.
The paper may focus on just one aim of the two aims or both. It may examine the Philippines or any other country, or may be comparative.  Co-authorship is possible. 

Final product: Publication in ISI/Scopus journal and/or an edited book consisting of chapters written by the team members

Sample Publications:
Aguilar, F.V.,Jr. (2014). Migration Revolution: Philippine Nationhood and Class Relations in a Globalized Age. Singapore: NUS.
Becker, M., Vignoles, V. L., Owe, E., Easterbrook, M., Brown, R., Smith, P. B., Bond, M. H., Regalia, C., Manzi, C., Brambilla, M., Aldhafri, S., Gonzalez, R., Carrasco, D., Cadena, M. P., Lay, S., Schweiger Gallo, I., Torres, A., Camino, L., Ozgen, E., Guner, U. E., Yamakoglu, N., Lemos, F. C. S., Trujillo, E. V., Balanta, P., Macapagal, M. E. J., Ferreira, M. C., Herman, G., de Sauvage, I., Bourguignon, D., Wang, Q., Fulop, M., Harb, C., Chybicka, A., Mekonnen, K. H., Martin, M., Nizharadze, G., Gavreliuc, A., Buitendach, J. H., Valk, A., & Koller, S. H.(2014). Cultural bases for self-evaluation: Seeing oneself positively in different cultural contexts. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(5), 657-675.
Cheng Chua, K.U. (2014). The "Death" of Filipino Komiks. Global Manga Studies, 4, pp. 159-179.
Cheng Chua, K.U. Santos, K.M. (2014). How Far Have They Gone: Women in Philippine Komiks. Japan Society for Studies in Cartoons and Comics, 20, 114-119.
Cheng Chua, K.U. (2014). Friend or Foe: Representations of the Japanese in the Philippine's print media,1940s to the present. In Paul Morris, Naoko Shimazu, Edward Vickers (Eds.), Imagining Japan in Post-War East Asia: Identity politics, schooling and popular culture (pp. 85-105). Routledge.
Cornelio, J.S. (2014). Popular Religion and the Turn to Everyday Authenticity: Reflections on the Contemporary Study of Philippine Catholicism. Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints, 62(3-4), 471-500.
Cornelio, J.S.. (2014). Billboard advertising and sexualisation in Metro Manila. European Journal of East Asian Studies, 13(1), 68-92.
Hiroko, N. (2014). The implications of community-based forest management in an Upland village in the Philippines: The maasin watershed rehabilitation program from the people's viewpoint. Southeast Asian Studies, 51(2), 197-226.
Isorena, E.. (2014). Engkuwentro: Kayaw kontra Digmang-Galera, 1565-1571/The Encounter: Kayaw vs. Galley-Warfare, 1565-1571. Malay, 26(1), 12-35.
Pante, M.D.. (2014). Mobility and Modernity in the Urban Transport Systems of Colonial Manila and Singapore. Journal of Social History, 47(4), 855-877.
Pante, M.D. (2014). A collision of masculinities: Men, modernity, and urban transportation in American-colonial Manila. Asian Studies Review, 38(2), 253-273.
Rodriguez, R.P., Hechanova, M.R.M. (2014). A Study of Culture Dimensions, Organizational Ambidexterity, and Perceived Innovation in Teams. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, 9(3), 21-33.
Zialcita, F.. (2014). Hispanismo o filipinismo? La identidad cultural en la obra de Nick Joaquin. Transmodernity. Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World, 4(1), 198-227.
Aguilar Jr., F.V. (2013). The Fulcrum of Structure-Agency: History and Sociology of Sugar Haciendas in Colonial Negros. Philippine Sociological Review, 61, 87-122.
Aguilar Jr., F.V. (2013). Rice and Magic: A Cultural History from the Precolonial World to the Present. Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Perspectives, 61(3), 297-330.
Aguilar Jr., F.V. (2013). Brother's keeper? Siblingship, Overseas Migration, and Centripetal Ethnography in a Philippine Village. Ethnography, 14(3), 346-368.
Aguilar Jr., F.V. (2013). Le riz, c'est la vie. Une approche culturelle. Philippines Contemporaines, ed. W. Gueraiche, 205-18. Paris: Les Indes Savantes; Bangkok: IRASEC.

Calleja, M.T. Franco, E.P. (2013). Positioning Analysis of HR's Participation in Top-Level Management Planning and Execution. Philippine Journal of Psychology, 46, 15-38.

Claudio, L.E. (2013). Postcolonial Fissures and the Contingent Nation: An Antinationalist Critique of Philippine Historiography. Philippine Studies: Historical & Ethnographic Viewpoints, 61(1), 45-75.
Cornelio, J.S. (2013). Religious Freedom in the Philippines: From Legalities to Lived Experience. The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 11(2), 36-45.
Gealogo, F.A.. (2013). Kapuso, Kapatid, Kapamilya: Mga tulang Alay kay Andres Bonifacio at sa Inangbayan. In  Bienvenido Lumbera, Judy Taguiwalo, Rolando Tolentino, Gerry Lanuza and Gonzalo Campoamor II (Eds.), Salita ng Sandata: Bonifacio's Legacies to the People's Struggles (pp. 27-38).
Gealogo, F.A. (2013). Gregoria de Jesus: Talambuhay, Gunita, Kasaysayan at Himagsikan. In Bienvenido Lumbera, Judy Taguiwalo, Rolando Tolentino, Gerry Lanuza and Gonzalo Campoamor II (Eds.), Salita ng Sandata: Bonifacio's Legacies to the People's Struggles (pp. 135-154).
Isorena, E.B.(2013). Ang Ebolusyon ng Bangka sa Austronesya: Implikasyon sa Pre-historia ng Pilipinas. Malay: Internasyonal na Journal sa Filipino, 25(2), 36-53.
Mendoza, M. (2013). Binding the Islands: Air Transport and State Capacity Building in the Philippines, 1946 to 1961. Philippine Studies: Historical & Ethnographic Viewpoints, 61(1), 77-104.
Ocampo, A.R. (2013). Mothers and History. Motherhood Statements, pp. 90-91. Manila: Anvil Publishing.
Pante, M.D. (2013). Mga Modernong Manggagawa ng Transportasyong Panlungsod ng Manila, 1900-1941. Malay: Internasyonal na Journal sa Filipino, 25(2), 21-35.
Zialcita, F.N. (2013). Chanted Landscapes. Songs of Memory in Islands of Southeast Asia, ed N. Revel, 3-16. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Aguilar, F.V. (2012). Manilamen and seafaring: Engaging the maritime world beyond the Spanish realm. Journal of Global History, 7(3), 364-388.
Cornelio, J.S. (2012). Priesthood Satisfaction and the Challenges Priests Face: A Case Study of a Rural Diocese in the Philippines. Religions, 3, 1103-1119.
Dy, A. (2012). Chinese Buddhism and Ethnic Identity in Catholic Philippines. Contemporary Buddhism, 13(2), 241-62.
Montiel, C. & Baquiano, M. J. (2012). Colonial Social Representations in the Philippines. Alternative Production of Knowledge and Social Representations, eds. R. Permanadeli, D. Jodelet, and T. Sugiman, 157-64. Jakarta: Graduate Program of European Studies.
Pante, M.D. (2012). The Cocheros of American-occupied Manila Representations and Persistence.  Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints, 60(4), 429-462.